SALINE, a parish, in the district of Dunfermline, county of Fife, 6 miles (N.W.) from Dunfermline; containing 1057 inhabitants, of whom 358 are in the village. This place is supposed to have derived its name, signifying in the Gaelic language "a hill or mountain," from the hills within its limits, of which one is of considerable height. The parish is situated at the western extremity of the county, and is about seven miles in length from east to west, and about six miles in extreme breadth, comprising an area of 5000 acres, divided among various proprietors. The surface towards the north and east is diversified with hills, the highest of which has an elevation of nearly 500 feet above the level of the sea; but the western portion of the parish is generally level. The land near the village is moderately fertile; in other parts the soil is thin, resting on a tilly bottom, and there are large tracts of moss affording only an abundant supply of peat. Those lands which were marshy have been recently much improved by draining. The system of agriculture has been greatly advanced, and the crops of all kinds are now favourable; the farmbuildings are substantial and commodious, and all the more recent improvements in implements of husbandry have been adopted. The substratum abounds with coal, lime, and ironstone; the coal is of good quality, and there are some mines in operation, but the principal collieries of the district are at Blairingone, in the neighbouring parish of Fossoway. There are extensive limeworks, also, at the extremity of the parish; and the ironstone is good, and now wrought to a very great extent. The rateable annual value of Saline is £6692. The seats are, Upper and Lower Kinnedars, Bandrum, Balgonar, Kirklands, Rhynds, and Oakley, all handsome mansions pleasantly situated. The village is on the road to Auchterarder; it is neatly built, and has a rural appearance. It is divided into two nearly equal parts by a stream flowing through it; that part called the New Town is rapidly increasing in extent. The ecclesiastical affairs are under the superintendence of the presbytery of Dunfermline and synod of Fife. The minister's stipend is £156. 17. 2., of which one-half is paid from the exchequer; with a manse, and a glebe valued at £15 per annum: patron, the Crown. The church is a plain structure situated in the village. The parochial school is attended by about eighty children; the master has a salary of £34. 4. 4., with a house and garden, and the fees average £40 per annum. The members of the Free Church have a place of worship. There are some vestiges of two ancient towers, and also two Roman camps.

A Topographical dictionary of Scotland. . 1856.


Look at other dictionaries:

  • Saline — der ältesten deutschen Salinenstadt Halle (Saale) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • saline — [ salin ] n. f. • 1165; lat. salinæ 1 ♦ Entreprise de production du sel, par évaporation de l eau de mer (dans les marais salants), ou par pompage de la saumure. 2 ♦ Abusivt Marais salant. ⇒ salin (II). « Des salines défilent, bordées d un gazon… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Saline — may refer to: * Salinity salt content of a solution ** Saline water water containing significant concentration of salts * Soil salinity salt content of soil * Saline (medicine) a liquid with salt content to match the human body * Saline bath form …   Wikipedia

  • saline — Saline. s. f. Chair ou poisson salé. La saline ne vaut rien aux gouteux, aux graveleux. Il signifie quelquefois plus particulierement Le poisson salé, comme moruë, harencs, &c. C est un marchand de saline. Saline. sign. aussi, Le lieu où se fait… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Saline — Saline, LA U.S. village in Louisiana Population (2000): 296 Housing Units (2000): 133 Land area (2000): 1.184397 sq. miles (3.067575 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.184397 sq. miles (3.067575… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Saline — Sa line (? or ?; 277), a. [F. salin, fr. L. sal salt: cf. L. salinae salt works, salinum saltcellar. See {Salt}.] 1. Consisting of salt, or containing salt; as, saline particles; saline substances; a saline cathartic. [1913 Webster] 2. Of the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Saline — (Лацизе,Италия) Категория отеля: Адрес: Località Saline, 37017 Лацизе, Италия …   Каталог отелей

  • Saline — Sal ine, n. 1. (Chem.) A crude potash obtained from beet root residues and other similar sources. [Written also {salin}.] [1913 Webster] 2. (Med. Chem.) A metallic salt; esp., a salt of potassium, sodium, lithium, or magnesium, used in medicine.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Saline — Sa line (? or ?; 277), n. [Cf. F. saline. See {Saline}, a.] A salt spring; a place where salt water is collected in the earth. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Saline [3] — Saline (spr. Salein), 1) Grafschaft im Staate Arkansas (Nordamerika), 45 QM., vom Saline River durchflossen, im Nordwesten hügelig; Producte: Baumwolle, Mais u. Bataten, Marmor, Rindvieh; 1850: 3398 Ew., worunter 503 Sklaven; Hauptort: Benton; 2) …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Saline — Sf Anlage zur Gewinnung von Salz per. Wortschatz fach. (16. Jh.) Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus l. salinae, einer Ableitung von l. salīnus zum Salz gehörig , zu l. sāl m./n. Salz .    Ebenso nndl. saline, ne. salina, nfrz. saline, nschw. salin; Salami …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

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